Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity

Chris J. Riddoch, Calum Mattocks, Kevin Deere, Jo Saunders, Jo Kirkby, Kate Tilling, Sam D. Leary, Steven N. Blair, Andy R. Ness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

388 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11- year- old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children ( ALSPAC). Design: Cross- sectional analysis. Setting: ALSPAC is a birth cohort study located in the former county of Avon, in the southwest of England. This study used data collected when the children were 11 years old. Participants: 5595 children ( 2662 boys, 2933 girls). The children are the offspring of women recruited to a birth cohort study during 1991 - 2. The median age ( 95% CI) of the children is now 11.8 ( 11.6 to 11.9) years. Methods: Physical activity was measured over a maximum of 7 consecutive days using the MTI Actigraph accelerometer. Main outcome measures: Level and pattern of physical activity. Results: The median physical activity level was 580 counts/ min. Boys were more active than girls ( median ( IQR) 644 ( 528 - 772) counts/ min vs 529 ( 444 - 638) counts/ min, respectively). Only 2.5% ( 95% CI 2.1% to 2.9%) of children ( boys 5.1% ( 95% CI 4.3% to 6.0%), girls 0.4% ( 95% CI 0.2% to 0.7%) met current internationally recognised recommendations for physical activity. Children were most active in summer and least active in winter ( difference = 108 counts/ min). Both the mother and partner's education level were inversely associated with activity level ( p for trend,< 0.001 ( both mother and partner)). The association was lost for mother's education ( p for trend = 0.07) and attenuated for partner's education ( p for trend = 0.02), after adjustment for age, sex, season, maternal age and social class. Conclusions: A large majority of children are insufficiently active, according to current recommended levels for health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)963-969
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume92
Issue number11
Early online date12 Sep 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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