Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project

J. D. Mackenbach, H. Rutter, S. Compernolle, K. Glonti, J. M. Oppert, H. Charreire, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, J. Brug, G. Nijpels, J. Lakerveld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Understanding which physical environmental factors affect adult obesity, and how best to influence them, is important for public health and urban planning. Previous attempts to summarise the literature have not systematically assessed the methodological quality of included studies, or accounted for environmental differences between continents or the ways in which environmental characteristics were measured. METHODS: We have conducted an updated review of the scientific literature on associations of physical environmental factors with adult weight status, stratified by continent and mode of measurement, accompanied by a detailed risk-of-bias assessment. Five databases were systematically searched for studies published between 1995 and 2013. RESULTS: Two factors, urban sprawl and land use mix, were found consistently associated with weight status, although only in North America. CONCLUSIONS: With the exception of urban sprawl and land use mix in the US the results of the current review confirm that the available research does not allow robust identification of ways in which that physical environment influences adult weight status, even after taking into account methodological quality.
LanguageEnglish
Article number233
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatusPublished - 6 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Adult City Planning/statistics & numerical data *Environment Environment Design/*statistics & numerical data Humans North America/epidemiology Obesity/*epidemiology Overweight/epidemiology Public Health Risk Factors

Cite this

Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project. / Mackenbach, J. D.; Rutter, H.; Compernolle, S.; Glonti, K.; Oppert, J. M.; Charreire, H.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Brug, J.; Nijpels, G.; Lakerveld, J.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, No. 1, 233, 06.03.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mackenbach, JD, Rutter, H, Compernolle, S, Glonti, K, Oppert, JM, Charreire, H, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Brug, J, Nijpels, G & Lakerveld, J 2014, 'Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project', BMC Public Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 233. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-233
Mackenbach, J. D. ; Rutter, H. ; Compernolle, S. ; Glonti, K. ; Oppert, J. M. ; Charreire, H. ; De Bourdeaudhuij, I. ; Brug, J. ; Nijpels, G. ; Lakerveld, J. / Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project. In: BMC Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
@article{4039d977337e47448558c3e8efd52cd3,
title = "Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Understanding which physical environmental factors affect adult obesity, and how best to influence them, is important for public health and urban planning. Previous attempts to summarise the literature have not systematically assessed the methodological quality of included studies, or accounted for environmental differences between continents or the ways in which environmental characteristics were measured. METHODS: We have conducted an updated review of the scientific literature on associations of physical environmental factors with adult weight status, stratified by continent and mode of measurement, accompanied by a detailed risk-of-bias assessment. Five databases were systematically searched for studies published between 1995 and 2013. RESULTS: Two factors, urban sprawl and land use mix, were found consistently associated with weight status, although only in North America. CONCLUSIONS: With the exception of urban sprawl and land use mix in the US the results of the current review confirm that the available research does not allow robust identification of ways in which that physical environment influences adult weight status, even after taking into account methodological quality.",
keywords = "Adult City Planning/statistics & numerical data *Environment Environment Design/*statistics & numerical data Humans North America/epidemiology Obesity/*epidemiology Overweight/epidemiology Public Health Risk Factors",
author = "Mackenbach, {J. D.} and H. Rutter and S. Compernolle and K. Glonti and Oppert, {J. M.} and H. Charreire and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, I. and J. Brug and G. Nijpels and J. Lakerveld",
note = "Mackenbach, Joreintje D Rutter, Harry Compernolle, Sofie Glonti, Ketevan Oppert, Jean-Michel Charreire, Helene De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse Brug, Johannes Nijpels, Giel Lakerveld, Jeroen eng Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Review England 2014/03/08 06:00 BMC Public Health. 2014 Mar 6;14:233. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-233.",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-14-233",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project

AU - Mackenbach, J. D.

AU - Rutter, H.

AU - Compernolle, S.

AU - Glonti, K.

AU - Oppert, J. M.

AU - Charreire, H.

AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, I.

AU - Brug, J.

AU - Nijpels, G.

AU - Lakerveld, J.

N1 - Mackenbach, Joreintje D Rutter, Harry Compernolle, Sofie Glonti, Ketevan Oppert, Jean-Michel Charreire, Helene De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse Brug, Johannes Nijpels, Giel Lakerveld, Jeroen eng Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Review England 2014/03/08 06:00 BMC Public Health. 2014 Mar 6;14:233. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-233.

PY - 2014/3/6

Y1 - 2014/3/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Understanding which physical environmental factors affect adult obesity, and how best to influence them, is important for public health and urban planning. Previous attempts to summarise the literature have not systematically assessed the methodological quality of included studies, or accounted for environmental differences between continents or the ways in which environmental characteristics were measured. METHODS: We have conducted an updated review of the scientific literature on associations of physical environmental factors with adult weight status, stratified by continent and mode of measurement, accompanied by a detailed risk-of-bias assessment. Five databases were systematically searched for studies published between 1995 and 2013. RESULTS: Two factors, urban sprawl and land use mix, were found consistently associated with weight status, although only in North America. CONCLUSIONS: With the exception of urban sprawl and land use mix in the US the results of the current review confirm that the available research does not allow robust identification of ways in which that physical environment influences adult weight status, even after taking into account methodological quality.

AB - BACKGROUND: Understanding which physical environmental factors affect adult obesity, and how best to influence them, is important for public health and urban planning. Previous attempts to summarise the literature have not systematically assessed the methodological quality of included studies, or accounted for environmental differences between continents or the ways in which environmental characteristics were measured. METHODS: We have conducted an updated review of the scientific literature on associations of physical environmental factors with adult weight status, stratified by continent and mode of measurement, accompanied by a detailed risk-of-bias assessment. Five databases were systematically searched for studies published between 1995 and 2013. RESULTS: Two factors, urban sprawl and land use mix, were found consistently associated with weight status, although only in North America. CONCLUSIONS: With the exception of urban sprawl and land use mix in the US the results of the current review confirm that the available research does not allow robust identification of ways in which that physical environment influences adult weight status, even after taking into account methodological quality.

KW - Adult City Planning/statistics & numerical data Environment Environment Design/statistics & numerical data Humans North America/epidemiology Obesity/epidemiology Overweight/epidemiology Public Health Risk Factors

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-233

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-233

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Public Health

T2 - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 233

ER -