Nutrition in the Management of ADHD: A Review of Recent Research

Klaus W. Lange, Katharina M. Lange, Yukiko Nakamura, Andreas Reissmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Various nutrients and diet quality have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of ADHD. The purpose of this review was to examine data from recent cohort studies and dietary interventions to determine whether nutrition may play a role in the management of ADHD. 

Recent Findings: Preliminary evidence suggests that minerals might have beneficial effects on ADHD symptomatology. Probiotics might offer novel strategies to prevent or treat ADHD. Inverse associations between adherence to “healthy” diets and ADHD symptoms have been observed. Children with ADHD responding to the few-foods diet (or oligoantigenic diet) with an elimination of individually identified food items show substantially improved behavior and cognitive functioning. 

Summary: Evidence from recent research does not allow any recommendations regarding the use of micronutrients or probiotics in the management of ADHD. The few-foods diet may become an additional therapeutic option for children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-394
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Volume12
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • DASH diet
  • Dietary patterns
  • Elimination diet
  • Few-foods diet
  • Iron
  • Lifestyle
  • Magnesium
  • Management
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Micronutrients
  • Minerals
  • Nutrition
  • Oligoantigenic diet
  • Probiotics
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamins
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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