An efficient numerical model for turbulent friction has been developed for smooth-walled pipe flow. The aim was to develop a new approach to the numerical modelling, eliminating some important approximations and sources of error, such that the method can be applied reliably under a wide range of conditions. A simple two-region model of effective viscosity is used. For short timescales the turbulence level and effective viscosity distribution are ‘frozen’ in time. The velocity profile is determined numerically for a range of frequencies and viscosity distributions, and this is used to determine the frequency-dependent friction. This is then approximated using simple weighing functions.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2011|