Numerical investigation of non-uniform flow in twin-silo combustors and impact on axial turbine stage performance

Hafiz M. Hassan, Adeel Javed, Asif H. Khoja, Majid Ali, Muhammad B. Sajid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)


A clear understanding of the flow characteristics in the older generation of industrial gas turbines operating with silo combustors is important for potential upgrades. Non-uniformities in the form of circumferential and radial variations in internal flow properties can have a significant impact on the gas turbine stage performance and durability. This paper presents a comprehensive study of the underlying internal flow features involved in the advent of non-uniformities from twin-silo combustors and their propagation through a single axial turbine stage of the Siemens v94.2 industrial gas turbine. Results indicate the formation of strong vortical structures alongside large temperature, pressure, velocity, and flow angle deviations that are mostly located in the top and bottom sections of the turbine stage caused by the excessive flow turning in the upstream tandem silo combustors. A favorable validation of the simulated exhaust gas temperature (EGT) profile is also achieved via comparison with the measured data. A drop in isentropic efficiency and power output equivalent to 2.28% points and 2.1 MW, respectively is observed at baseload compared to an ideal straight hot gas path reference case. Furthermore, the analysis of internal flow topography identifies the underperforming turbine blading due to the upstream non-uniformities. The findings not only have implications for the turbine aerothermodynamic design, but also the combustor layout from a repowering perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1681-1693
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Issue number7
Early online date9 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • axial flow turbine
  • blade loading
  • Industrial gas turbine
  • non-uniform flow
  • numerical analysis
  • repowering
  • silo combustor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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