Novel Self-Configurable Current-Mirror Techniques for Reducing Current Imbalance in Parallel Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Strings

Sinan Li, Wenxing Zhong, Chen Wu, S. Y. Ron Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)


Traditional current-mirror methods require one fixed current reference for controlling other current source or sources. In this paper, a new self-configurable current-mirror method that can dynamically determine the best current branch as the current reference in order to ensure good balance of all parallel current sources is proposed. The operating principle involves a dynamic and self-configurable transistor-based current-balancing circuit that can be operated in saturation or linear mode. In either operating mode, good current balance or sharing among all parallel-connected current sources can be guaranteed. The novel current-balancing circuit does not require a separate power supply for powering their control circuits. The proposal is a modular one that can be expanded to any number of parallel current sources. Its principle has been successfully applied to current balancing of parallel LED strings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2153-2162
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number4
Early online date26 Sep 2011
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2012

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