Nostalgia, Gratitude, or Optimism: The Impact of a Two-Week Intervention on Well-Being During COVID-19

Amelia Dennis, Jane Ogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research indicates that brief 2-min positive psychology interventions (PPIs) increase well-being during COVID-19 lockdowns. The present study extended this to assess the effectiveness over two-weeks. Participants (n = 150) were randomly allocated to one of three PPIs; nostalgia, gratitude, best possible self (BPS), or control. The interventions were slightly adapted for the lockdown and were completed three times, every seven days over two-weeks. Well-being measures were completed immediately after the first intervention (T1), after the next two interventions (T2−T3) and at one-week follow-up (T4) (but no baseline measure of well-being was taken). At T1, participants in the nostalgia, gratitude, and BPS intervention had higher self-esteem than those in the control intervention. At T1 and T2, participants in the gratitude and BPS intervention reported higher social connectedness than participants in the nostalgia and control intervention. Then at follow-up (T4), participants in the nostalgia, gratitude, and BPS intervention had lower fear of COVID-19 than those in the control intervention. Overall, the results show the benefits of nostalgia, gratitude and optimism, compared to the control, during lockdown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2613-2634
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Best possible self
  • COVID-19
  • Gratitude
  • Nostalgia
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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