Non-covalent interactions (NCIs) in π-conjugated functional materials: advances and perspectives

Ashanul Haque, Khalaf M. Alenezi, Muhammad S. Khan, Wai Yeung Wong, Paul R. Raithby

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Citations (SciVal)


The design and development of functional materials with real-life applications are highly demanding. Understanding and controlling inter- and intra-molecular interactions provide opportunities to design new materials. A judicious manipulation of the molecular structure significantly alters such interactions and can boost selected properties and functions of the material. There is burgeoning evidence of the beneficial effects of non-covalent interactions (NCIs), showing that manipulating NCIs may generate functional materials with a wide variety of physical properties leading to applications in catalysis, drug delivery, crystal engineering, etc. This prompted us to review the implications of NCIs on the molecular packing, optical properties, and applications of functional π-conjugated materials. To this end, this tutorial review will cover different types of interactions (electrostatic, π-interactions, metallophilic, etc.) and their impact on π-conjugated materials. Attempts have also been made to delineate the effects of weak interactions on opto-electronic (O-E) applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-472
Number of pages19
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date3 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors extend their appreciation to the Deputy for Research & Innovation, Ministry of Education in Saudi Arabia for funding this research work through the project number RDO-2001.


  • intermolecular interactions
  • Platinum(II)
  • optoelectronic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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