## Abstract

The spectrum of a Gelfand pair of the form (K× N,K), where N is a nilpotent group, can be embedded in a Euclidean space ℝ ^{d}. The identification of the spherical transforms of K-invariant Schwartz functions on N with the restrictions to the spectrum of Schwartz functions on ℝ ^{d} has been proved already when N is a Heisenberg group and in the case where N = N _{3,2} is the free two-step nilpotent Lie group with three generators, with K = SO _{3} (Astengo et al. in J Funct Anal 251:772-791, 2007; Astengo et al. in J Funct Anal 256:1565-1587, 2009; Fischer and Ricci in Ann Inst Fourier Gren 59:2143-2168, 2009). We prove that the same identification holds for all pairs in which the K-orbits in the centre of N are spheres. In the appendix, we produce bases of K-invariant polynomials on the Lie algebra n of N for all Gelfand pairs (K × N,K) in Vinberg's list (Vinberg in Trans Moscow Math Soc 64:47-80, 2003; Yakimova in Transform Groups 11:305-335, 2006).

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 221-255 |

Number of pages | 35 |

Journal | Mathematische Zeitschrift |

Volume | 271 |

Issue number | 1-2 |

Early online date | 22 Mar 2011 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jun 2012 |

## Keywords

- Gelfand pairs
- Invariants
- Schwartz functions
- Spherical transform

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics(all)