## Abstract

We define a Z/48-valued homotopy invariant nu of a G_2-structure on the tangent bundle of a closed 7-manifold in terms of the signature and Euler characteristic of a coboundary with a Spin(7)-structure. For manifolds of holonomy G_2 obtained by the twisted connected sum construction, the associated torsion-free G_2-structure always has nu = 24. Some holonomy G_2 examples constructed by Joyce by desingularising orbifolds have odd nu.

We define a further homotopy invariant xi of G_2-structures such that if M is 2-connected then the pair (nu, xi) determines a G_2-structure up to homotopy and diffeomorphism. The class of a G_2-structure is determined by nu on its own when the greatest divisor of p_1(M) modulo torsion divides 224; this sufficient condition holds for many twisted connected sum G_2-manifolds.

We also prove that the parametric h-principle holds for coclosed G_2-structures.

We define a further homotopy invariant xi of G_2-structures such that if M is 2-connected then the pair (nu, xi) determines a G_2-structure up to homotopy and diffeomorphism. The class of a G_2-structure is determined by nu on its own when the greatest divisor of p_1(M) modulo torsion divides 224; this sufficient condition holds for many twisted connected sum G_2-manifolds.

We also prove that the parametric h-principle holds for coclosed G_2-structures.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 2949-2992 |

Number of pages | 44 |

Journal | Geometry & Topology |

Volume | 19 |

Issue number | 5 |

Early online date | 20 Oct 2015 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 31 Dec 2015 |