New Challenges towards Smart Systems’ Efficiency by Digital Twin in Water Distribution Networks

Helena M. Ramos, Maria Cristina Morani, Armando Carravetta, Oreste Fecarrotta, Kemi Adeyeye, P. Amparo López-Jiménez, Modesto Pérez-Sánchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (SciVal)


Nowadays, in the management of water distribution networks (WDNs), particular attention is paid to digital transition and the improvement of the energy efficiency of these systems. New technologies have been developed in the recent years and their implementation can be crucial to achieve a sustainable level of water networks, namely, in water and energy losses. In particular, Digital Twins (DT) represents a very innovative technology, which relies on the integration of virtual network models, optimization algorithms, real time data collection, and smart actuators information with Geographic Information System (GIS) data. This research defines a new methodology for an efficient application of DT expertise within water distribution networks. Assuming a DMA of a real water distribution network as a case study, it was demonstrated that a fast detection of leakage along with an optimal setting of pressure control valves by means of DT together with an optimization procedure can ensure up to 28% of water savings, contributing to significantly increase the efficiency of the whole system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1304
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Early online date17 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

MDPI Water Journal 2024 best paper award:


  • Digital Twin
  • optimization procedure
  • real time control
  • Smart Water Grid
  • smart water management
  • water distribution networks (WDN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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