Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes

J. D. Mackenbach, J. Lakerveld, F. J. van Lenthe, I. Kawachi, M. McKee, H. Rutter, K. Glonti, S. Compernolle, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, T. Feuillet, J. M. Oppert, G. Nijpels, J. Brug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared ecometric neighbourhood scores of social capital (contextual variation) to mean neighbourhood scores (individual and contextual variation), using several health-related outcomes (i.e. self-rated health, weight status and obesity-related behaviours). Data were analysed from 5,900 participants in the European SPOTLIGHT survey. Factor analysis of the 13-item social capital scale revealed two social capital constructs: social networks and social cohesion. The associations of ecometric and mean neighbourhood-level scores of these constructs with self-rated health, weight status and obesity-related behaviours were analysed using multilevel regression analyses, adjusted for key covariates. Analyses using ecometric and mean neighbourhood scores, but not mean neighbourhood scores adjusted for individual scores, yielded similar regression coefficients. Higher levels of social network and social cohesion were not only associated with better self-rated health, lower odds of obesity and higher fruit consumption, but also with prolonged sitting and less transport-related physical activity. Only associations with transport-related physical activity and sedentary behaviours were associated with mean neighbourhood scores adjusted for individual scores. As analyses using ecometric scores generated the same results as using mean neighbourhood scores, but different results when using mean neighbourhood scores adjusted for individual scores, this suggests that the theoretical advantage of the ecometric approach (i.e. teasing out individual and contextual variation) may not be achieved in practice. The different operationalisations of social network and social cohesion were associated with several health outcomes, but the constructs that appeared to represent the contextual variation best were only associated with two of the outcomes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages96-107
Number of pages12
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume17
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatusPublished - 16 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Ecometrics multilevel analysis social capital SPOTLIGHT

Cite this

Mackenbach, J. D., Lakerveld, J., van Lenthe, F. J., Kawachi, I., McKee, M., Rutter, H., ... Brug, J. (2016). Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes. Obesity Reviews, 17(S1), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12373

Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes. / Mackenbach, J. D.; Lakerveld, J.; van Lenthe, F. J.; Kawachi, I.; McKee, M.; Rutter, H.; Glonti, K.; Compernolle, S.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Feuillet, T.; Oppert, J. M.; Nijpels, G.; Brug, J.

In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 17, No. S1, 16.02.2016, p. 96-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mackenbach, JD, Lakerveld, J, van Lenthe, FJ, Kawachi, I, McKee, M, Rutter, H, Glonti, K, Compernolle, S, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Feuillet, T, Oppert, JM, Nijpels, G & Brug, J 2016, 'Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes', Obesity Reviews, vol. 17, no. S1, pp. 96-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12373
Mackenbach JD, Lakerveld J, van Lenthe FJ, Kawachi I, McKee M, Rutter H et al. Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes. Obesity Reviews. 2016 Feb 16;17(S1):96-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12373
Mackenbach, J. D. ; Lakerveld, J. ; van Lenthe, F. J. ; Kawachi, I. ; McKee, M. ; Rutter, H. ; Glonti, K. ; Compernolle, S. ; De Bourdeaudhuij, I. ; Feuillet, T. ; Oppert, J. M. ; Nijpels, G. ; Brug, J. / Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes. In: Obesity Reviews. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. S1. pp. 96-107.
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