Navigating Ocean Literacy in Europe: 10 years of history and future perspectives

Melita Mokos, Eliane S.R. De-Bastos, Giulia Realdon, Dominika Wojcieszek, Martha Papathanasiou, Peter Tuddenham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)


Ocean Literacy (OL) emerged in the USA in the 2000s as a concept developed for the education system aimed at teachers. In 2011, it gained the attention of European educators who formed the first OL network in Europe, the European Marine Science Educators Association (EMSEA). Parallel to that initiative, Portugal started the first initiative to adopt OL content into formal education. Since then, there has been a major shift towards a more literate society in Europe. This paper reviews the development of OL in Europe, elaborates the role of OL for the sustainable future of the European seas, and provides recommendations for OL actions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-288
Number of pages12
JournalMediterranean Marine Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Europe
  • Ocean literacy
  • SDG 14
  • sustainable development
  • UN Ocean Decade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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