N-O Ligand Supported Stannylenes: Preparation, Crystal, and Molecular Structures

Hannah Sullivan, Andrew Straiton, Gabriele Kociok-Kohn, Andrew Johnson

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2 Citations (SciVal)


A new series of tin(II) complexes (1, 2, 4, and 5) were successfully synthesized by employing hydroxy functionalized pyridine ligands, specifically 2-hydroxypyridine (hpH), 8-hydroxyquinoline (hqH), and 10-hydroxybenzo[h]quinoline (hbqH) as stabilizing ligands. Complexes [Sn(μ-κ2ON-OC5H4N)(N{SiMe3}2)]2 (1) and [Sn4(μ-κ2ON-OC5H4N)61O-OC5H4N)2] (2) are the first structurally characterized examples of tin(II) oxypyridinato complexes exhibiting {Sn2(OCN)2} heterocyclic cores. As part of our study, 1H DOSY NMR experiments were undertaken using an external calibration curve (ECC) approach, with temperature-independent normalized diffusion coefficients, to determine the nature of oligomerisation of 2 in solution. An experimentally determined diffusion coefficient (298 K) of 6.87 × 10−10 m2 s−1 corresponds to a hydrodynamic radius of Ca. 4.95 Å. This is consistent with the observation of an averaged hydrodynamic radii and equilibria between dimeric [Sn{hp}2]2 and tetrameric [Sn{hp}2]4 species at 298 K. Testing this hypothesis, 1H DOSY NMR experiments were undertaken at regular intervals between 298 K–348 K and show a clear change in the calculated hydrodynamic radii form 4.95 Å (298 K) to 4.35 Å (348 K) consistent with a tetramer ⇄ dimer equilibria which lies towards the dimeric species at higher temperatures. Using these data, thermodynamic parameters for the equilibrium (ΔH° = 70.4 (±9.22) kJ mol−1, ΔS° = 259 (±29.5) J K−1 mol−1 and ΔG°298 = −6.97 (±12.7) kJ mol−1) were calculated. In the course of our studies, the Sn(II) oxo cluster, [Sn6(m3-O)6(OR)4:{Sn(II)(OR)2}2] (3) (R = C5H4N) was serendipitously isolated, and its molecular structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. However, attempts to characterise the complex by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy were thwarted by solubility issues, and attempts to synthesise 3 on a larger scale were unsuccessful. In contrast to the oligomeric structures observed for 1 and 2, single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies unambiguously establish the monomeric 4-coordinate solid-state structures of [Sn(κ2ON-OC9H6N)2)] (4) and [Sn(κ2ON-OC13H8N)2)] (5).

Original languageEnglish
Article number129
Number of pages18
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2022


  • 10-hydroxybenzo[h]quinoline
  • 2-hydroxy-pyridine
  • 8-hydroxyquinoline
  • molecular structures
  • stannylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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