N-Heterocyclic Carbene Stabilized trans-Dihydrido Aqua and Ethanol Complexes of Ruthenium: Precursors to Complexes with Ru-Heteroatom Bonds

Rodolphe F R Jazzar, Purvi H Bhatia, Mary F Mahon, Michael K Whittlesey

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59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attempts to isolate the bis-N-heterocyclic carbene complex Ru(AsPh3)(IMes)2(CO)H2 (IMes = bis(1,3-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene)) by crystn. with either ethanol or hexane yields instead the ethanol and water complexes Ru(IMes)2(CO)(EtOH)H2 (1) and Ru(IMes)2(CO)(H2O)H2 (2), resp. Both multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and x-ray crystallog. demonstrate that these two compds. are isostructural with a trans arrangement of the hydride ligands. Thermolysis of 1 results in decarbonylation of the bound ethanol ligand to yield Ru(IMes)2(CO)2H2 (3). Substitution of the coordinated solvent ligands in 1 or 2 occurs readily with p-ethoxyphenol to give Ru(IMes)2(CO)(HOC6H4-p-OEt)H2 (4), while treatment of 2 with 1-propanethiol affords the thiol complex Ru(IMes)2(CO)(HSCH2CH2CH3)H2 (8). Reaction of 8 with CO gives the thiolate hydride species Ru(IMes)2(CO)2(SCH2CH2CH3)H (9), whereas addn. of CO to either 1 or 2 affords Ru(IMes)2(CO)3 (5). The hydroxy hydride complex Ru(IMes)2(CO)2(OH)H (6) has been isolated as an intermediate on the pathway from 2 to 5. Addn. of CO2 or p-HO2CC5H4N to solns. of 2 yields the bicarbonate complex Ru(IMes)2(CO)(k2-O2COH)H (10) and the isonicotinate species Ru(IMes)2(CO)(k2-O2CC5H4N)H (11), resp. Addn. of CO to 10 affords Ru(IMes)2(CO)2(h1-O2COH)H (7). Treatment of complex 2 with excess acetonitrile yields the N-imidoylimidato complex Ru(IMes)2(CO)(NH:C(CH3)N:C(CH3)O)H (12), which arises from the formal addn. of two mols. of acetonitrile in head-to-tail fashion across the RuO-H bond. Compds. 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, and 12 have been structurally characterized by single-crystal x-ray diffraction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-683
Number of pages14
JournalOrganometallics
Volume22
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • PREP (Preparation)
  • ethanol
  • Crystal structure
  • RACT (Reactant or reagent) (prepn. and structures of nitrogen heterocyclic carbene stabilized trans-dihydrido aqua and ethanol complexes of ruthen
  • nitrogen heterocyclic carbene stabilized trans dihydrido aqua ethanol ruthenium
  • Molecular structure (of nitrogen heterocyclic carbene stabilized trans-dihydrido aqua
  • PRP (Properties)
  • Carbene complexes Role
  • and related complexes of ruthenium)
  • crystal mol structure nitrogen heterocyclic carbene stabilized ruthenium complex
  • SPN (Synthetic preparation)
  • RCT (Reactant)

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