N-doped C dot/CoAl-layered double hydroxide/g-C3N4 hybrid composites for efficient and selective solar-driven conversion of CO2 into CH4

Wan-Kuen Jo, Santosh Kumar, Surendar Tonda

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Abstract

Converting CO 2 into value-added fuel by utilizing abundant solar energy could in principle minimize fossil fuel consumption and anthropogenic CO 2 emissions. However, developing catalytic systems with high selectivity and efficiency is necessary for photocatalytic CO 2 conversion. Here we report the fabrication of a N-doped C dot/CoAl-layered double hydroxide/g-C 3N 4 (NCD/LDH/CN) hybrid heterojunction photocatalyst for high efficiency and selectivity reduction of CO 2 with water into CH 4 under simulated-solar-light illumination. The NCD/LDH/CN hybrid photocatalyst demonstrated remarkable CH 4 production with an optimum rate of 25.69 μmol g −1 h −1, an apparent quantum yield of 0.62%, and 99% selectivity for CH 4. This NCD/LDH/CN hybrid system also exhibited exceptional stability and durability during consecutive test cycles with no apparent change in activity. The high activity and stability of the NCD/LDH/CN hybrid toward CO 2 photoreduction is essentially attributable to the strong synergy among the NCD, LDH, and CN constituents, which hinder charge recombination by accelerating charge transportation processes, together with the favorable properties such as broad optical response and good CO 2 adsorption capability. We explored the role of the NCDs in the NCD/LDH/CN hybrid system as a metal-free co-catalyst for the efficient and selective production of CH 4 from CO 2 photoreduction. Thus, the present report provides new insights into the rational fabrication of noble-metal-free photocatalysts for efficient and selective sustainable hydrocarbon production from photocatalytic reduction of CO 2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107212
JournalComposites Part B - Engineering
Volume176
Early online date25 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Carbon dots
  • G-C N
  • Hybrid heterojunction
  • Layered double hydroxide
  • Solar energy conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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