Multistable nematic wells: modelling perspectives, recent results and new directions

Apala Majumdar, Alexander Lewis

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This review article is a consolidated but not exhaustive account of recent modelling and numerical work on nematic-filled square or cuboid shaped wells with planar degenerate boundary conditions. This seemingly simple geometry can be modelled with a simplistic Oseen–Frank approach or a more sophisticated two-dimensional and three-dimensional Landau–de Gennes approach. We discuss these approaches, reconcile the findings and in doing so, elucidate the complex interplay between material properties, temperature, geometry and boundary conditions in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena. We largely focus on static equilibria with some discussion on metastable or transient states of experimental relevance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2332-2351
Number of pages20
JournalLiquid Crystals
Issue number13-15
Early online date16 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Landau–de Gennes
  • Modelling
  • multistability
  • Oseen–Frank
  • well order reconstruction solution


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