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In this paper, we investigate the multiple solutions of nonlinear asymmetric potential bistable energy harvesters (BEHs) under harmonic excitations. Basins of attraction under certain excitations explain the existence of multiple solutions in the asymmetric potential BEHs and indicate that the asymmetric system has a higher probability to oscillate in the deeper potential well under low and moderate excitation levels. Thus, the appearance of asymmetric potentials in BEHs has a negative influence on the output performance. Average output powers under different excitation frequencies and initial conditions illustrate that the asymmetric potential BEHs are more likely to achieve high-energy branch (HEB) with initial conditions in the shallower potential well, and the probability is influenced by the degree of asymmetry of the BEHs. Finally, experiments are carried out, and results under constant and sweep frequency excitations demonstrate that the output performance will be actually improved for the asymmetric potential BEHs if the initial oscillations are from the shallower potential well.
Original languageEnglish
Article number254
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Physical Journal B : Condensed MAtter and Complex Systems
Issue number10
Early online date15 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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