Multiparametric optimization for reduced condenser cooling water consumption in a degraded combined cycle gas turbine power plant from a water-energy nexus perspective

Ahmad Jamil, Adeel Javed, Abdul Wajid, Muhammad Omar Zeb, Majid Ali, Asif Hussain Khoja, Muhammad Imran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (SciVal)


The Water-Energy Nexus is gaining considerable interest with growing environmental concerns, especially in developing countries such as Pakistan that are now under a state of water stress. Thermal power plants consume large amounts of freshwater, thereby making their water usage optimization immensely important. For potential repowering featuring reduced cooling water consumption, a clear understanding of the influence of key condenser parameters on the power plant is required. This study investigates a degraded combined cycle gas turbine power plant for reduced cooling water usage from a repowering perspective. The degraded power plant under consideration draws 13% more freshwater for recirculation-based cooling from a canal linked with the River Indus in Pakistan. The power plant has been modeled using 120 h of real-time probabilistic data at baseload by generating three study cases stemming from 24-hour parametric variations. The commercial tool Cycle-Tempo has been deployed for modeling and simulating the power plant performance with the incorporation of physical uncertainties and errors originating from the measurement sensors. The model is validated and compared with the 23 years old design case data to highlight the degradations via an exergy analysis. A tri-parametric optimization is later performed to reduce the cooling water consumption through specialized performance maps that relate exergy, low-pressure section steam turbine performance, and condenser performance to highlight potential repowering opportunities while retaining the baseload performance. The optimized cases result in approximately 9.5–11.0% lesser water consumption in terms of mass flow rate while retaining the baseload performance and key heat recovery steam generator operating points.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117764
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date4 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Combined-cycle power plant
  • Condenser cooling water optimization
  • Measurement uncertainty
  • Performance degradation
  • Probabilistic assessment
  • Water-energy nexus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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