Multilayer actuators: Review

J Pritchard, C R Bowen, F Lowrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (SciVal)


This review discusses issues related to durability and fatigue of multilayer actuator devices. Published research in the areas of processing, internal electrode configuration, and materials composition (ceramic and electrode) is discussed. The effects of humidity, temperature, and mechanical and electrical load on the lifetime of these devices are outlined. Techniques that have been developed to monitor the development of damage are also reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Ceramic Transactions
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Atmospheric humidity
  • Durability
  • Actuators
  • Ceramic materials
  • Fatigue of materials
  • Electrodes
  • Temperature
  • Multilayers
  • Electric properties
  • Composition
  • Mechanical properties


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