Mullite whiskers derived from kaolin

B M Kim, Y K Cho, S Y Yoon, R Stevens, H C Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Short mullite whiskers prepared by firing compacts of kaolin and NH4Al(SO4)(2)center dot 12H(2)O powders, with a small addition (0.8, 1.5 wt%) of NaH2PO4 center dot 2H(2)O, in air 1300 and 1400 degrees C for 15 h have been characterized in terms of whisker morphology, composition and structure. Relatively uniform whisker shaped crystals grew within the silicate glass matrix. After chemically leaching the glass matrix with HF solution using a microwave heating source, the resulting whiskers were exposed as isolated crystals and exhibited an aspect ratio of > 17 (similar to 0.5 mu m in diameter). The mullite whiskers had a composition of 51.06 mol% Al2O3 and 48.94 mol% SiO2, with an orthorhombic crystallographic structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-583
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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