Moving the techno-science gap in Security Force Assistance

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This paper looks at the impact of military technology diffusion on military assistance operations (MAO), in the United States known as Security Force Assistance or SFA. The discussion looks conceptually at the role of technological change and how it interacts with martial cultures in military assistant operations. I argue that growing trends in science and technology suggest potential conflicts between culture and technology. Relying on a culture-technology model drawn from anthropology, the paper contends that new technologies will present increasing challenges for the emerging MAO landscape. The paper will illustrate that the techno-science gap will continue to grow as innovations such as robotics, sensors, and networks continue to develop. Finally, the paper will look at ways to overcome this conflict between culture and technology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-61
Number of pages13
JournalDefence Studies
Issue number1
Early online date10 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2019


  • Defence
  • culture
  • military assistance
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations


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