Motivational predictors of physical education students' effort, exercise intentions, and leisure-time physical activity: A multilevel linear growth analysis

I M Taylor, N Ntoumanis, M Standage, C M Spray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Citations (Scopus)
172 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000), the current study explored whether physical education (PE) students' psychological needs and their motivational regulations toward PE predicted mean differences and changes in effort in PE, exercise intentions, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over the Course of one UK school trimester. One hundred and seventy-eight Students (69% male) aged between 11 and 16 years completed a multisection questionnaire at the beginning, middle, and end of a school trimester. Multilevel growth models revealed that students' perceived competence and self-determined regulations were the most consistent predictors of the outcome variables at the within- and between-person levels. The results of this work add to the extant SDT-based literature by examining change in PE students' motivational regulations and psychological needs, as well as underscoring the importance of disaggregating within- and between-student effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-120
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume32
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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