Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter reviews the monocarboxylic acids of the benzene series under two categories: those derived from benzene and its homologs and derivatives by replacing a hydrogen atom of the nucleus by the carboxyl group, that is true arenecarboxylic acids, such as benzoic acid, toluic acid, and so on, and those formed by the replacement of a hydrogen atom of the side-chain (arylalkanoic acids, for example, phenylacetic acid). The aromatic carboxylic acids afford functional derivatives corresponding to those of the fatty acids. In the following, the different classes of functional derivatives are described, those of benzoic acid being taken as typical. These comprise of: esters, aroyl halides and mixed anhydrides with inorganic acids, acid anhydrides, aroyl peroxides and peracids, thio- and dithio-carboxylic acids and their derivatives, aromatic amides, benzoyl derivatives of amino acids, aroyl hydrazines, aroyl azides, arenecarbonitriles, aryl cyanides, halogenated amides, imines and so on, thioamides and thioimidates, amidines, amidrazones, hydroxamic (hydroximic) acids and hydroximoyl halides, nitrolic and nitrosolic acids, nitrile oxides, ortho-acid derivatives. Methods for the synthesis of aryl-substituted derivatives of saturated fatty acids or arylalkanoic acids include the oxidation of aralkyl alcohols and aldehydes or the hydrogenation of corresponding unsaturated acids.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationRodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds
Subtitle of host publicationA Modern Comprehensive Treatise
Pages1-73
Number of pages73
Volume3
Edition2nd
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1964

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Benzene
Acids
Derivatives
Benzoic Acid
Anhydrides
Carboxylic Acids
Amides
Hydrogen
Fatty Acids
Thioamides
Hydrazines
Amidines
Inorganic acids
Hydroxamic Acids
Atoms
Nitriles
Imines
Azides
Peroxides
Cyanides

Cite this

Sainsbury, M. (1964). Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series. In Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds: A Modern Comprehensive Treatise (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1-73). DOI: 10.1016/B978-044453345-6.50663-5

Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series. / Sainsbury, M.

Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds: A Modern Comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 3 2nd. ed. 1964. p. 1-73.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Sainsbury, M 1964, Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series. in Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds: A Modern Comprehensive Treatise. 2nd edn, vol. 3, pp. 1-73. DOI: 10.1016/B978-044453345-6.50663-5
Sainsbury M. Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series. In Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds: A Modern Comprehensive Treatise. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. 1964. p. 1-73. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/B978-044453345-6.50663-5
Sainsbury, M./ Monocarboxylic Acids of the Benzene Series. Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds: A Modern Comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 3 2nd. ed. 1964. pp. 1-73
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