Mono- and dinuclear Ni(I) products formed upon bromide abstraction from the Ni(I) ring-expanded NHC complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br]

William J. M. Blackaby, Sara Sabater, Rebecca C. Poulten, Michael J. Page, Andrea Folli, Vera Krewald, Mary F. Mahon, Damien M. Murphy, Emma Richards, Michael K. Whittlesey

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Abstract

Bromide abstraction from the three-coordinate Ni(I) ring-expanded N-heterocyclic carbene complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br] (1; 6-Mes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) 3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylidene) with TlPF6 in THF yields the T-shaped cationic solvent complex, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(THF)][PF6] (2), whereas treatment with NaBArF4 in Et2O affords the dimeric Ni(I) product, [{Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)}2(µ-Br)][BArF4] (3). Both 2 and 3 act as latent sources of the cation [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)]+, which can be trapped by CO to give [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(CO)]+ (5). Addition of [(Et3Si)2(µ-H)][B(C6F5)4] to 1 followed by work up in toluene results in the elimination of phosphine as well as halide to afford a co-crystallised mixture of [Ni(6-Mes)(η2-C6H5Me)][B(C6F5)4] (4), and [6MesH⋅ C6H5Me][B(C6F5)4]. Treatment of 1 with sodium salts of more strongly coordinating
anions leads to substitution products. Thus, NaBH4 yields the neutral, diamagnetic dimer [{Ni(6-Mes)}2(BH4)2] (6), whereas NaBH3(CN) gives the paramagnetic monomeric cyanotrihydroborate complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(NCBH3)] (7). Treatment of 1 with NaOtBu/NHPh2 affords the three-coordinate Ni(I) amido species, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)NPh2] (8). The electronic structures of 2, 5, 7 and 8 have been analysed in comparison to that of previously reported 1 using a combination of EPR spectroscopy and density functional theory.
LanguageEnglish
Pages769-782
Number of pages14
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume47
Early online date5 Dec 2017
DOIs
StatusPublished - 15 Jan 2018

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phosphine
Carbon Monoxide
Bromides
Toluene
Dimers
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
Anions
Paramagnetic resonance
Cations
Substitution reactions
Salts
Sodium
Spectroscopy
carbene

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Mono- and dinuclear Ni(I) products formed upon bromide abstraction from the Ni(I) ring-expanded NHC complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br]. / Blackaby, William J. M.; Sabater, Sara; Poulten, Rebecca C.; Page, Michael J.; Folli, Andrea; Krewald, Vera; Mahon, Mary F.; Murphy, Damien M.; Richards, Emma; Whittlesey, Michael K.

In: Dalton Transactions , Vol. 47, 15.01.2018, p. 769-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a88679ac3454411da9c6c27ac39e3043,
title = "Mono- and dinuclear Ni(I) products formed upon bromide abstraction from the Ni(I) ring-expanded NHC complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br]",
abstract = "Bromide abstraction from the three-coordinate Ni(I) ring-expanded N-heterocyclic carbene complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br] (1; 6-Mes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) 3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylidene) with TlPF6 in THF yields the T-shaped cationic solvent complex, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(THF)][PF6] (2), whereas treatment with NaBArF4 in Et2O affords the dimeric Ni(I) product, [{Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)}2(µ-Br)][BArF4] (3). Both 2 and 3 act as latent sources of the cation [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)]+, which can be trapped by CO to give [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(CO)]+ (5). Addition of [(Et3Si)2(µ-H)][B(C6F5)4] to 1 followed by work up in toluene results in the elimination of phosphine as well as halide to afford a co-crystallised mixture of [Ni(6-Mes)(η2-C6H5Me)][B(C6F5)4] (4), and [6MesH⋅ C6H5Me][B(C6F5)4]. Treatment of 1 with sodium salts of more strongly coordinating anions leads to substitution products. Thus, NaBH4 yields the neutral, diamagnetic dimer [{Ni(6-Mes)}2(BH4)2] (6), whereas NaBH3(CN) gives the paramagnetic monomeric cyanotrihydroborate complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(NCBH3)] (7). Treatment of 1 with NaOtBu/NHPh2 affords the three-coordinate Ni(I) amido species, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)NPh2] (8). The electronic structures of 2, 5, 7 and 8 have been analysed in comparison to that of previously reported 1 using a combination of EPR spectroscopy and density functional theory.",
author = "Blackaby, {William J. M.} and Sara Sabater and Poulten, {Rebecca C.} and Page, {Michael J.} and Andrea Folli and Vera Krewald and Mahon, {Mary F.} and Murphy, {Damien M.} and Emma Richards and Whittlesey, {Michael K.}",
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journal = "Dalton Transactions",
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publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Mono- and dinuclear Ni(I) products formed upon bromide abstraction from the Ni(I) ring-expanded NHC complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br]

AU - Blackaby,William J. M.

AU - Sabater,Sara

AU - Poulten,Rebecca C.

AU - Page,Michael J.

AU - Folli,Andrea

AU - Krewald,Vera

AU - Mahon,Mary F.

AU - Murphy,Damien M.

AU - Richards,Emma

AU - Whittlesey,Michael K.

PY - 2018/1/15

Y1 - 2018/1/15

N2 - Bromide abstraction from the three-coordinate Ni(I) ring-expanded N-heterocyclic carbene complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br] (1; 6-Mes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) 3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylidene) with TlPF6 in THF yields the T-shaped cationic solvent complex, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(THF)][PF6] (2), whereas treatment with NaBArF4 in Et2O affords the dimeric Ni(I) product, [{Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)}2(µ-Br)][BArF4] (3). Both 2 and 3 act as latent sources of the cation [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)]+, which can be trapped by CO to give [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(CO)]+ (5). Addition of [(Et3Si)2(µ-H)][B(C6F5)4] to 1 followed by work up in toluene results in the elimination of phosphine as well as halide to afford a co-crystallised mixture of [Ni(6-Mes)(η2-C6H5Me)][B(C6F5)4] (4), and [6MesH⋅ C6H5Me][B(C6F5)4]. Treatment of 1 with sodium salts of more strongly coordinating anions leads to substitution products. Thus, NaBH4 yields the neutral, diamagnetic dimer [{Ni(6-Mes)}2(BH4)2] (6), whereas NaBH3(CN) gives the paramagnetic monomeric cyanotrihydroborate complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(NCBH3)] (7). Treatment of 1 with NaOtBu/NHPh2 affords the three-coordinate Ni(I) amido species, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)NPh2] (8). The electronic structures of 2, 5, 7 and 8 have been analysed in comparison to that of previously reported 1 using a combination of EPR spectroscopy and density functional theory.

AB - Bromide abstraction from the three-coordinate Ni(I) ring-expanded N-heterocyclic carbene complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)Br] (1; 6-Mes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) 3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylidene) with TlPF6 in THF yields the T-shaped cationic solvent complex, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(THF)][PF6] (2), whereas treatment with NaBArF4 in Et2O affords the dimeric Ni(I) product, [{Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)}2(µ-Br)][BArF4] (3). Both 2 and 3 act as latent sources of the cation [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)]+, which can be trapped by CO to give [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(CO)]+ (5). Addition of [(Et3Si)2(µ-H)][B(C6F5)4] to 1 followed by work up in toluene results in the elimination of phosphine as well as halide to afford a co-crystallised mixture of [Ni(6-Mes)(η2-C6H5Me)][B(C6F5)4] (4), and [6MesH⋅ C6H5Me][B(C6F5)4]. Treatment of 1 with sodium salts of more strongly coordinating anions leads to substitution products. Thus, NaBH4 yields the neutral, diamagnetic dimer [{Ni(6-Mes)}2(BH4)2] (6), whereas NaBH3(CN) gives the paramagnetic monomeric cyanotrihydroborate complex [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)(NCBH3)] (7). Treatment of 1 with NaOtBu/NHPh2 affords the three-coordinate Ni(I) amido species, [Ni(6-Mes)(PPh3)NPh2] (8). The electronic structures of 2, 5, 7 and 8 have been analysed in comparison to that of previously reported 1 using a combination of EPR spectroscopy and density functional theory.

U2 - 10.1039/C7DT04187J

DO - 10.1039/C7DT04187J

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 769

EP - 782

JO - Dalton Transactions

T2 - Dalton Transactions

JF - Dalton Transactions

SN - 1477-9226

ER -