Molecular and atomic gas along and across the main sequence of star-forming galaxies

Amelie Saintonge, Barbara Catinella, Luca Cortese, Reinhard Genzel, Riccardo Giovanelli, Martha P. Haynes, Steven Janowiecki, Carsten Kramer, Katharina A. Lutz, David Schiminovich, Linda J. Tacconi, Stijn Wuyts, Gioacchino Accurso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

188 Citations (SciVal)
277 Downloads (Pure)


We use spectra from the ALFALFA, GASS and COLD GASS surveys to quantify variations in the mean atomic and molecular gas mass fractions throughout the SFR-M* plane and along the main sequence (MS) of star-forming galaxies. Although galaxies well below the MS tend to be undetected in the Arecibo and IRAM observations, reliable mean atomic and molecular gas fractions can be obtained through a spectral stacking technique. We find that the position of galaxies in the SFR-M* plane can be explained mostly by their global cold gas reservoirs as observed in the H I line, with in addition systematic variations in the molecular-to-atomic ratio and star formation efficiency. When looking at galaxies within ±0.4 dex of the MS, we find that as stellar mass increases, both atomic and molecular gas mass fractions decrease, stellar bulges become more prominent, and the mean stellar ages increase. Both star formation efficiency and molecular-to-atomic ratios vary little for massive MS galaxies, indicating that the flattening of the MS is due to the global decrease of the cold gas reservoirs of galaxies rather than to bottlenecks in the process of converting cold atomic gas to stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1749-1756
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2016


  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: ISM- galaxies: star formation
  • ISM: general


Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular and atomic gas along and across the main sequence of star-forming galaxies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this