Modelling UK domestic energy and carbon emissions: an agent-based approach

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As the debate on policy responses to climate change gathers pace, there has been an increasing focus on tools to model national scale energy use and emission characteristics of UK dwellings. This paper reviews some existing models and highlights limitations of their common underlying methodologies. We argue that a radically different, integrated, approach is required to tackle these challenges and ensure that the modelling remain robust and able to meet future demands. We suggest that Agent Based Modelling (ABM) is a suitable candidate modelling paradigm to achieve an integrated modelling framework. We also present DECarb-ABM (an ABM based implementation of an existing model, DECarb) with many of the desired properties of such an integrated framework. The new model is validated against both the existing model and historical data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2602-2612
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • agent based modelling
  • stock models
  • residential energy
  • climate change


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