Modelling of the circular edge-clamped interface of a hydraulic pressure energy harvester to determine power, efficiency and bandwidth

Huifang Xiao, Haotang Qie, Chris R. Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (SciVal)
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There is an increasing desire to monitor and control hydraulic systems in an autonomous and battery-free manner. One solution to this challenge is to harvest hydraulic pressure ripples and noise by exploiting the piezoelectric effect. This paper develops a new generalized model of a hydraulic piezoelectric harvester based on a circular edge-clamped flat plate interface with a central piezoelectric stack. Such a model allows the relationships between harvesting performance and structure to be assessed in detail. It is demonstrated that the force-deflection relationship of a circular edge-clamped plate with a central lumped mass follows a cubic hardening Duffing equation. A single degree of freedom (SDOF) lumped-parameter model of the system is established where the nonlinear frequency response resulting from hardening nonlinearities are explored. The input mechanical energy and the output electrical energy both exhibit a quadratic nonlinear relationship with vibration amplitude. The maximum output occurs at the jump-down frequency and the overall energy conversion efficiency of the system is determined. The optimum resistance load for maximum output energy and energy efficiency are obtained as non-dimensional excitation frequency. Experimental validation is performed and good agreement is observed between model results and experimental measurements. The developed model provides important insights into the optimization of power output and response of future hydraulic energy harvesting devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107013
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Early online date18 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Energy conversion efficiency
  • Fluid to mechanical interface
  • Hydraulic pressure energy harvester
  • Output electrical energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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