This paper provides a comprehensive summary on modelling of micro-pollutants' (MPs) fate and transport in wastewater. It indicates the motivations of MP modelling and summarises and illustrates the current status. Finally, some recommendations are provided to improve and diffuse the use of such models. In brief, we conclude that, in order to predict the contaminant removal in centralised treatment works, considering the dramatic improvement in monitoring and detecting MPs in wastewater, more mechanistic approaches should be used to complement conventional, heuristic and other fate models. This is crucial, as regional risk assessments and model-based evaluations of pollution discharge from urban areas can potentially be used by decision makers to evaluate effluent quality regulation, and assess upgrading requirements, in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Biotransformation and cometabolism
  • Parent chemical retransformation
  • Risk assessment and regulations
  • Sorption-desorption
  • Trace chemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


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