Modelling and Co-simulation of hybrid vehicles: A thermal management perspective

Ruoyang Yuan, Tom Fletcher, Ahmed Ahmedov, Nikolaos Kalantzis, Antonios Pezouvanis, Nilabza Dutta, Andrew Watson, Kambiz Ebrahimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)
424 Downloads (Pure)


Thermal management plays a vital role in the modern vehicle design and delivery. It enables the thermal analysis and optimisation of energy distribution to improve performance, increase efficiency and reduce emissions. Due to the complexity of the overall vehicle system, it is necessary to use a combination of simulation tools. Therefore, the co-simulation is at the centre of the design and analysis of electric, hybrid vehicles. For a holistic vehicle simulation to be realized, the simulation environment must support many physical domains. In this paper, a wide variety of system designs for modelling vehicle thermal performance are reviewed, providing an overview of necessary considerations for developing a cost-effective tool to evaluate fuel consumption and emissions across dynamic drive-cycles and under a range of weather conditions. The virtual models reviewed in this paper provide tools for component-level, system-level and control design, analysis, and optimisation. This paper concerns the latest techniques for an overall vehicle model development and software integration of multi-domain subsystems from a thermal management view and discusses the challenges presented for future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115883
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Early online date14 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2020


  • Thermal Management
  • Holistic Design
  • Cosimulation
  • Optimisation
  • Hybrid vehicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering


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