Modal frequencies of a reinforced timber-concrete composite Floor: testing and modeling

Pedro Gil Girão Dos Santos, Carlos Eduardo De Jesus Martins, Jonathan Skinner, Richard Harris, Alfredo Manuel Pereira Geraldes Dias, Luís Manuel Cortesão Godinho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (SciVal)


The reinforcement of a timber floor with a concrete layer properly connected to produce a composite system represents not only an improvement in the stiffness but also a foreseeable change in the modal frequencies of the floor. In order to assess that change, a typical timber floor, which was subsequently reinforced with a concrete layer to produce a composite, was tested at both stages in the research reported in this paper. Additionally, composite beams taken from the original floor were also tested. The results showed a significant decrease (44%) in the fundamental frequency after the reinforcement. In order to obtain the mode shapes and frequencies of the floor, finite-element (FE) models of the floors and beams were created. The FE models accurately matched the experimental results. Having validated the model, a parametric study was carried out to compare the results provided by the proposed FE model with a numerical model from the bibliography and to understand the influence of the most relevant structural parameters on the fundamental frequency of the composite floor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04015029
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Issue number11
Early online date19 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2015


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