Minority stressors, protective factors and mental health outcomes in lesbian, gay and bisexual people in the UK

Rusi Jaspal, Barbara Lopes, Glynis M. Breakwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Two cross-sectional survey studies were conducted to examine the relationships between minority stressors, protective factors and mental health outcomes in lesbian, gay and bisexual people (LGB) in the United Kingdom (UK). A convenience sample of 156 LGB people in the UK participated in Study 1. Multiple regression analyses showed that victimization and sexuality-related identity threat were positively associated with anxiety and that identity resilience, social support and degree of outness were negative correlates; and that rejection was positively associated with depression while identity resilience and social support were negative correlates. In Study 2, based on a convenience sample of 333 gay men, our structural equation model showed that ethnic minority status, lower identity resilience and higher identity threat were associated with greater distress; ethnic minority status was associated with less social support and more internalized homonegativity; being single was associated with less social support and more internalized homonegativity; identity resilience was positively associated with social support and negatively associated with internalized homonegativity; identity threat was associated with less social support and more internalized homonegativity; internalized homonegativity was negatively associated with social support; and social support was negatively associated with distress while internalized homonegativity was positively associated with distress. Findings show differential effects of particular stressors on particular mental health outcomes in LGB people and the significance of promoting identity resilience, social support and degree of outness as protective factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24918–24934
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent Psychology
Volume42
Issue number28
Early online date13 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
RJ designed Study 1 and conducted the analysis for Study 1. RJ and GMB designed Study 2. BL conducted the analysis for Study 2. RJ, BL and GMB wrote the manuscript. The data are available on Brighton Research Data, the University of Brighton’s data repository, at the following link: https://researchdata.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/293

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Depressive symptomatology
  • Identity resilience
  • Identity threat
  • Internalized homonegativity
  • Mental health
  • Minority stress
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology

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