Minimising Tibial Fracture after Unicompartmental Knee Replacement: A Probabilistic Finite Element Study

Elise Pegg, Jonathan Walter, Darryl D D'Lima, Benjamin J Fregly, Richie Gill, David W. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

Background: Periprosthetic tibial fracture after unicompartmental knee replacement is a challenging post-operative complication. Patients have an increased risk of mortality after fracture, the majority undergo further surgery, and the revision operations are less successful. Inappropriate surgical technique increases the risk of fracture, but it is unclear which technical aspects of the surgery are most problematic and no research has been performed on how surgical factors interact. Methods: Firstly, this study quantified the typical variance in surgical cuts made during unicompartmental knee replacement (determined from bones prepared by surgeons during an instructional course). Secondly, these measured distributions were used to create a probabilistic finite element model of the tibia after replacement. A thousand finite element models were created using the Monte Carlo method, representing 1000 virtual operations, and the risk of tibial fracture was assessed. Findings: Multivariate linear regression of the results showed that excessive resection depth and making the vertical cut too deep posteriorly increased the risk of fracture. These two parameters also had high variability in the prepared synthetic bones. The regression equation calculated the risk of fracture from three cut parameters (resection depth, vertical and horizonal posterior cuts) and fit the model results with 90% correlation. Interpretation: This study introduces for the first time the application of a probabilistic approach to predict the aetiology of fracture after unicompartmental knee replacement, providing unique insight into the relative importance of surgical saw cut variations. Targeted changes to operative technique can now be considered to seek to reduce the risk of periprosthetic fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume73
Early online date18 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was funded in part by NIH grant R01EB009351 . Some of the authors have received funding from Biomet UK Healthcare Ltd. (the manufacturer of the implant examined in this study), but the funding was unrelated to the present study. Dr. Pegg's salary was funded by the Oxford Orthopaedic Engineering Centre . We would like to thank the surgeons who attended the instructional course, and Kyung Tae Kim, M.D., Ph.D. for providing data regarding cases of tibial fracture after UKR in Seoul.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Finite element
  • Fracture
  • Knee
  • Unicompartmental

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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