Mineralization of aniline using hydroxyl/sulfate radical-based technology in a waterfall reactor

Antonio Durán, J. M. Monteagudo, I. San Martín, F. J. Amunategui, D. A. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (SciVal)


The aim of this work is to study the applicability of a UV/H2O2 process intensified with persulfate (PS) as a source of SO4 [rad]− radicals to efficiently mineralize a synthetic effluent containing aniline in a glass reactor arranged in a cascade configuration. pH conditions were studied and the concentration of PS was optimized. The synergism for aniline mineralization between the UV/H2O2 process and the combined UV/H2O2/PS process was quantified in 10.1%. Aniline degradation reached 100% under the UV/H2O2/PS process after 20 min. Its mineralization is favored under acidic conditions and with the presence of persulfate (optimal conditions: 49% in 90 min; pH = 4; [PS] = 250 ppm). On the contrary, the worst conditions were found at pH = 11, since hydrogen peroxide decomposes and carbonates were formed increasing the scavenging effect. The different mechanisms involved (formulated from intermediates identified by mass spectrometry) confirm these results. Aniline was found to follow a degradation pathway where phenol is the main intermediate. The presence of sulfate radicals increases phenol degradation rate leading to a higher mineralization extent. Benzoquinone was identified as the main aromatic oxidation product of phenol, whereas succinic, 4-oxo-pentanoic, fumaric and oxalic acids were detected as aliphatic oxidation products for both UV/H2O2 and UV/H2O2/PS oxidation processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
Early online date29 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Mineralization pathway
  • Synergy
  • Waterfall reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry


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