Militarisation of Governance After Conflict

Beyond the Rebel-to-Ruler Frame – The Case of Rwanda

Andrea Purdekova, Filip Reyntjens, Nina Wilen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
52 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this article, we develop and expand the rebel-to-ruler literature to go beyond ‘rebel transformations’, in order to examine the transformation and militarisation of the entire post-genocide society in Rwanda. Through a historical and socio-political analysis of the military’s influence in post-genocide Rwanda, we argue that the adoption of military norms and ethos, drawn from an idealised and reconstructed pre-colonial history rather than simply an insurgent past, motivates the military’s centrality and penetration of all society’s sectors, economically, politically and socially, with the ultimate aim of retaining power in the hands of the rebels turned rulers. As such, the case demonstrates the need for an expansion of the rebel-to-ruler literature (1) beyond its concern with parties and regime type to a broader palette of governance effects and (2) beyond its singular focus on insurgent past and towards a longue-durée understanding of complementary causes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-174
Number of pages17
JournalThird World Quarterly
Volume39
Issue number1
Early online date8 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

genocide
militarization
Rwanda
Military
governance
penetration
history
regime
cause
conflict
society
Society
literature
analysis
effect
need
norm

Keywords

  • Militarisation
  • Rwanda
  • governance
  • post-conflict
  • rebel-to-ruler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development

Cite this

Militarisation of Governance After Conflict : Beyond the Rebel-to-Ruler Frame – The Case of Rwanda. / Purdekova, Andrea; Reyntjens, Filip; Wilen, Nina.

In: Third World Quarterly, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2018, p. 158-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8b0251d73f6c42e8a5295723e8c20d05,
title = "Militarisation of Governance After Conflict: Beyond the Rebel-to-Ruler Frame – The Case of Rwanda",
abstract = "In this article, we develop and expand the rebel-to-ruler literature to go beyond ‘rebel transformations’, in order to examine the transformation and militarisation of the entire post-genocide society in Rwanda. Through a historical and socio-political analysis of the military’s influence in post-genocide Rwanda, we argue that the adoption of military norms and ethos, drawn from an idealised and reconstructed pre-colonial history rather than simply an insurgent past, motivates the military’s centrality and penetration of all society’s sectors, economically, politically and socially, with the ultimate aim of retaining power in the hands of the rebels turned rulers. As such, the case demonstrates the need for an expansion of the rebel-to-ruler literature (1) beyond its concern with parties and regime type to a broader palette of governance effects and (2) beyond its singular focus on insurgent past and towards a longue-dur{\'e}e understanding of complementary causes.",
keywords = "Militarisation, Rwanda, governance, post-conflict, rebel-to-ruler",
author = "Andrea Purdekova and Filip Reyntjens and Nina Wilen",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/01436597.2017.1369036",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "158--174",
journal = "Third World Quarterly",
issn = "0143-6597",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Militarisation of Governance After Conflict

T2 - Beyond the Rebel-to-Ruler Frame – The Case of Rwanda

AU - Purdekova, Andrea

AU - Reyntjens, Filip

AU - Wilen, Nina

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - In this article, we develop and expand the rebel-to-ruler literature to go beyond ‘rebel transformations’, in order to examine the transformation and militarisation of the entire post-genocide society in Rwanda. Through a historical and socio-political analysis of the military’s influence in post-genocide Rwanda, we argue that the adoption of military norms and ethos, drawn from an idealised and reconstructed pre-colonial history rather than simply an insurgent past, motivates the military’s centrality and penetration of all society’s sectors, economically, politically and socially, with the ultimate aim of retaining power in the hands of the rebels turned rulers. As such, the case demonstrates the need for an expansion of the rebel-to-ruler literature (1) beyond its concern with parties and regime type to a broader palette of governance effects and (2) beyond its singular focus on insurgent past and towards a longue-durée understanding of complementary causes.

AB - In this article, we develop and expand the rebel-to-ruler literature to go beyond ‘rebel transformations’, in order to examine the transformation and militarisation of the entire post-genocide society in Rwanda. Through a historical and socio-political analysis of the military’s influence in post-genocide Rwanda, we argue that the adoption of military norms and ethos, drawn from an idealised and reconstructed pre-colonial history rather than simply an insurgent past, motivates the military’s centrality and penetration of all society’s sectors, economically, politically and socially, with the ultimate aim of retaining power in the hands of the rebels turned rulers. As such, the case demonstrates the need for an expansion of the rebel-to-ruler literature (1) beyond its concern with parties and regime type to a broader palette of governance effects and (2) beyond its singular focus on insurgent past and towards a longue-durée understanding of complementary causes.

KW - Militarisation

KW - Rwanda

KW - governance

KW - post-conflict

KW - rebel-to-ruler

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029445988&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01436597.2017.1369036

DO - 10.1080/01436597.2017.1369036

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 158

EP - 174

JO - Third World Quarterly

JF - Third World Quarterly

SN - 0143-6597

IS - 1

ER -