MicroRNA Expression Data Reveals a Signature of Kidney Damage following Ischemia Reperfusion Injury

Michael Shapiro, Jessamyn Bagley, Jeff Latz, Jonathon Godwin, Xupeng Ge, Stefan Tullius, John Iacomini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is a leading cause of acute kidney injury, a common problem worldwide associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We have recently examined the role of microRNAs (miRs) in renal IRI using expression profiling. Here we conducted mathematical analyses to determine if differential expression of miRs can be used to define a biomarker of renal IRI. Principal component analysis (PCA) was combined with spherical geometry to determine whether samples that underwent renal injury as a result of IRI can be distinguished from controls based on alterations in miR expression using our data set consisting of time series measuring 571 miRs. Using PCA, we examined whether changes in miR expression in the kidney following IRI have a distinct direction when compared to controls based on the trajectory of the first three principal components (PCs) for our time series. We then used Monte Carlo methods and spherical geometry to assess the statistical significance of these directions. We hypothesized that if IRI and control samples exhibit distinct directions, then miR expression can be used as a biomarker of injury. Our data reveal that the pattern of miR expression in the kidney following IRI has a distinct direction based on the trajectory of the first three PCs and can be distinguished from changes observed in sham controls. Analyses of samples from immunodeficient mice indicated that the changes in miR expression observed following IRI were lymphocyte independent, and therefore represent a kidney intrinsic response to injury. Together, these data strongly support the notion that IRI results in distinct changes in miR expression that can be used as a biomarker of injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23011
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'MicroRNA Expression Data Reveals a Signature of Kidney Damage following Ischemia Reperfusion Injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this