Micelle/water partition coefficients were obtained for procaine hydrochloride using micellar liquid chromatography (MLC) to illustrate the potential application of this technique to compounds of pharmaceutical interest. Experiments were conducted over a temperature range which led to calculation of a Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of transfer for procaine hydrochloride. Successful application of this technique was confirmed using a second compound over a range of temperatures, namely caffeine. Overall, this work confirms that MLC can be used to determine precise and accurate partition coefficients that possibly more closely mimic biological membranes than traditional in vitro systems, namely octanol/water.
- performance liquid-chromatography
- Partition coefficient