Hospital admissions provide a “teachable moment”. Many patients admitted to mental health hospitals have co-existing substance misuse. As acute symptoms decline, a window of increased insight into factors that contributed to becoming unwell and admission may present. This study used this “teachable” opportunity to assess the acceptability of delivering a brief integrated motivational intervention (BIMI) to inpatients and the feasibility of delivery by inpatient staff. Qualitative interviews were completed with 21 inpatients experiencing co-occurring schizophrenia-related or bipolar disorder diagnoses and substance misuse who received the BIMI. Twelve staff members completed either individual interviews or a focus group. Four themes were identified from the qualitative interviews with participants; these were openness/readiness to talk about substance use, feeling valued, understanding substance use and helpful skills and processes; each with a number of subthemes. Participants appeared to find the intervention useful; although, felt they did not always have the “headspace”. One theme emerged from the staff data, the acceptability of the approach for inpatient ward staff, which had four subthemes; training in the intervention; delivering the intervention; joint working; and feasibility. Staff considered the targeted style of the BIMI useful. Delivery considerations included “timing” and competing ward duties. Hospital admission presents a natural window of opportunity for staff to start conversations with inpatients about substance misuse.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction|
|Early online date||26 Feb 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Feb 2019|
Graham, H. L., Copello, A., Griffith, E., Clarke, L., Walsh, K., Baker, A. L., & Birchwood, M. (2019). Mental health hospital admissions: a teachable moment and window of opportunity to promote change in drug and alcohol misuse. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17(1), 22-40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-017-9861-9