Mechanisms of Molecular Manipulation with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope at Room Temperature: Chlorobenzene/Si(111)-(7×7)

Peter Sloan, M Hedouin, R Palmer, M Persson

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61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a systematic experimental investigation of the mechanism of desorption of chlorobenzene molecules from the Si(111)7x7 surface induced by the STM at room temperature.We measure the desorption probability as a function of both tunneling current and a wide range of sample bias voltages between -3 V and +4 V. The results exclude field desorption, thermally induced desorption, and mechanical tip-surface effects. They indicate that desorption is driven by the population of negative (or positive) ion resonances of the chemisorbed molecule by the tunneling electrons (or holes). Density functional calculations suggest that these resonant states are associated with the pi orbitals of the benzene ring.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume91
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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