Mechanically stable solution-processed transparent conductive electrodes for optoelectronic applications

Milad Kianpisheh, Bahareh Rezaei, Zahra Babaei, Kamal Asadi, Faramarz Afshar-Taromi, Hamed Sharifi Dehsari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The bilayer structure of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) coating on silver nanowires (AgNWs) film is a promising structure for replacing indium tin oxide (ITO) as a flexible transparent conductive electrode. Pristine PEDOT:PSS film due to its hydrophilicity and high permeability cannot fully protect AgNWs from mechanical stress and oxidation. Here, we present a composite approach that improves mechanical properties and lifespan of the AgNWs/PEDOT:PSS electrode by adding polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a polymer-surfactant. It is shown that addition of PVA improves the conductivity as well as the stability of hybrid electrode under demanding mechanical stress conditions. The drop in conductivity of the hybrid electrode is only 17% after 2000 repeated bending cycles whereas the reference electrode has shown a dramatic drop of 180% in the conductivity. We speculate that generation of hydrogen bonds between PEDOT:PSS and PVA increases adhesivity and cohesivity of the conductive polymer film to the sublayer. So PEDOT:PSS-PVA film not only fixes the arrangement of AgNWs but also improves the welding on cross junction points. By addition of PVA, optoelectronic performance (Figure-of-merit (ΦTC)) of the electrode is improved from ΦTC = 2.646 × 10-3 Ω-1 for AgNWs/PEDOT:PSS to ΦTC = 3.819 × 10-3 Ω-1 for AgNWs/PEDOT:PSS-PVA electrode and power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the polymer solar cell (PSC) is increased by over 17%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116805
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume278
Early online date11 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 May 2021

Keywords

  • Ag nanowires
  • Flexible electrodes
  • Mechanical stability
  • PEDOT:PSS
  • Polymer solar cell
  • Polymer-surfactant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this