Measurements of atmospheric electricity aloft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere above the surface have been made for over 200 years, from a variety of different platforms, including kites, balloons, rockets and aircraft. From these measurements, a great deal of information about the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere has been gained, assisting our understanding of the global atmospheric electric circuit, thunderstorm electrification and lightning generation mechanisms, discovery of transient luminous events above thunderstorms, and many other electrical phenomena. This paper surveys the history of atmospheric electrical measurements aloft, from the earliest manned balloon ascents to current day observations with free balloons and aircraft. Measurements of atmospheric electrical parameters in a range of meteorological conditions are described, including clear air conditions, polluted conditions, non-thunderstorm clouds, and thunderstorm clouds, spanning a range of atmospheric conditions, from fair weather, to the most electrically active.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-1057
Number of pages67
JournalSurveys in Geophysics
Volume33
Issue number5
Early online date30 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Atmospheric electricity
atmospheric electricity
thunderstorms
balloons
thunderstorm
Thunderstorms
Balloons
aircraft
electrical phenomena
electrification
atmospheres
atmosphere
ascent
Aircraft
lightning
meteorology
rockets
weather
electrical measurement
Lightning

Keywords

  • Balloon measurements Aircraft measurements Thunderstorms Airborne measurements

Cite this

Measurements of atmospheric electricity aloft. / Nicoll, K.A.

In: Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 33, No. 5, 01.09.2012, p. 991-1057.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8ae4a82b8ef74baeb545a00116c522fd,
title = "Measurements of atmospheric electricity aloft",
abstract = "Measurements of the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere above the surface have been made for over 200 years, from a variety of different platforms, including kites, balloons, rockets and aircraft. From these measurements, a great deal of information about the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere has been gained, assisting our understanding of the global atmospheric electric circuit, thunderstorm electrification and lightning generation mechanisms, discovery of transient luminous events above thunderstorms, and many other electrical phenomena. This paper surveys the history of atmospheric electrical measurements aloft, from the earliest manned balloon ascents to current day observations with free balloons and aircraft. Measurements of atmospheric electrical parameters in a range of meteorological conditions are described, including clear air conditions, polluted conditions, non-thunderstorm clouds, and thunderstorm clouds, spanning a range of atmospheric conditions, from fair weather, to the most electrically active.",
keywords = "Balloon measurements Aircraft measurements Thunderstorms Airborne measurements",
author = "K.A. Nicoll",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10712-012-9188-9",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "991--1057",
journal = "Surveys in Geophysics",
issn = "0169-3298",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurements of atmospheric electricity aloft

AU - Nicoll, K.A.

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - Measurements of the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere above the surface have been made for over 200 years, from a variety of different platforms, including kites, balloons, rockets and aircraft. From these measurements, a great deal of information about the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere has been gained, assisting our understanding of the global atmospheric electric circuit, thunderstorm electrification and lightning generation mechanisms, discovery of transient luminous events above thunderstorms, and many other electrical phenomena. This paper surveys the history of atmospheric electrical measurements aloft, from the earliest manned balloon ascents to current day observations with free balloons and aircraft. Measurements of atmospheric electrical parameters in a range of meteorological conditions are described, including clear air conditions, polluted conditions, non-thunderstorm clouds, and thunderstorm clouds, spanning a range of atmospheric conditions, from fair weather, to the most electrically active.

AB - Measurements of the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere above the surface have been made for over 200 years, from a variety of different platforms, including kites, balloons, rockets and aircraft. From these measurements, a great deal of information about the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere has been gained, assisting our understanding of the global atmospheric electric circuit, thunderstorm electrification and lightning generation mechanisms, discovery of transient luminous events above thunderstorms, and many other electrical phenomena. This paper surveys the history of atmospheric electrical measurements aloft, from the earliest manned balloon ascents to current day observations with free balloons and aircraft. Measurements of atmospheric electrical parameters in a range of meteorological conditions are described, including clear air conditions, polluted conditions, non-thunderstorm clouds, and thunderstorm clouds, spanning a range of atmospheric conditions, from fair weather, to the most electrically active.

KW - Balloon measurements Aircraft measurements Thunderstorms Airborne measurements

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10712-012-9188-9

U2 - 10.1007/s10712-012-9188-9

DO - 10.1007/s10712-012-9188-9

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 991

EP - 1057

JO - Surveys in Geophysics

JF - Surveys in Geophysics

SN - 0169-3298

IS - 5

ER -