Mass Benefit Analysis of 4-Stroke and Wankel Range Extenders in an Electric Vehicle over a Defined Drive Cycle with Respect to Vehicle Range and Fuel Consumption

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Abstract

The gradual push towards electric vehicles (EV) as a
primary mode of transport has resulted in an increased
focus on electric and hybrid powertrain research. One
answer to the consumers’ concern over EV range is the implementation
of small combustion engines as generators to
supplement the energy stored in the vehicle battery. Since
these range extender generators have the opportunity to run
in a small operating window, some engine types that have
historically struggled in an automotive setting have the potential
to be competitive.
The relative merits of two different engine options for
range extended electric vehicles are simulated in vehicle across
the WLTP drive cycle. The baseline electric vehicle chosen
was the BMW i3 owing to its availability as an EV with and
without a range extender gasoline engine.
Two different range extenders were considered; a single
rotor Wankel rotary and a 4-stroke reciprocating engine, with
the baseline vehicle electric glider mass fixed for all options.
Fuel tank capacity was fixed at 9 litres. Baseline EV performance
was evaluated on simulated European drive cycles with
mass sensitivity conducted before the implementation of each
range extender.
Potential options for the optimisation of the range
extender operation were considered with respect to their
impact on vehicle performance. Total combined fuel efficiency
was compared and an assessment of maximum range and
vehicle performance was also conducted.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1282
Number of pages10
JournalSAE Technical Paper Series
Volume2019
Issue numberApril
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2019
EventSAE World Congress Experience 2019 - COBO Center, Detroit, USA United States
Duration: 9 Apr 201911 Apr 2019
https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-1282

Cite this

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title = "Mass Benefit Analysis of 4-Stroke and Wankel Range Extenders in an Electric Vehicle over a Defined Drive Cycle with Respect to Vehicle Range and Fuel Consumption",
abstract = "The gradual push towards electric vehicles (EV) as aprimary mode of transport has resulted in an increasedfocus on electric and hybrid powertrain research. Oneanswer to the consumers’ concern over EV range is the implementationof small combustion engines as generators tosupplement the energy stored in the vehicle battery. Sincethese range extender generators have the opportunity to runin a small operating window, some engine types that havehistorically struggled in an automotive setting have the potentialto be competitive.The relative merits of two different engine options forrange extended electric vehicles are simulated in vehicle acrossthe WLTP drive cycle. The baseline electric vehicle chosenwas the BMW i3 owing to its availability as an EV with andwithout a range extender gasoline engine.Two different range extenders were considered; a singlerotor Wankel rotary and a 4-stroke reciprocating engine, withthe baseline vehicle electric glider mass fixed for all options.Fuel tank capacity was fixed at 9 litres. Baseline EV performancewas evaluated on simulated European drive cycles withmass sensitivity conducted before the implementation of eachrange extender.Potential options for the optimisation of the rangeextender operation were considered with respect to theirimpact on vehicle performance. Total combined fuel efficiencywas compared and an assessment of maximum range andvehicle performance was also conducted.",
author = "Matthew Turner and James Turner and Giovanni Vorraro",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.4271/2019-01-1282",
language = "English",
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AU - Vorraro, Giovanni

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AB - The gradual push towards electric vehicles (EV) as aprimary mode of transport has resulted in an increasedfocus on electric and hybrid powertrain research. Oneanswer to the consumers’ concern over EV range is the implementationof small combustion engines as generators tosupplement the energy stored in the vehicle battery. Sincethese range extender generators have the opportunity to runin a small operating window, some engine types that havehistorically struggled in an automotive setting have the potentialto be competitive.The relative merits of two different engine options forrange extended electric vehicles are simulated in vehicle acrossthe WLTP drive cycle. The baseline electric vehicle chosenwas the BMW i3 owing to its availability as an EV with andwithout a range extender gasoline engine.Two different range extenders were considered; a singlerotor Wankel rotary and a 4-stroke reciprocating engine, withthe baseline vehicle electric glider mass fixed for all options.Fuel tank capacity was fixed at 9 litres. Baseline EV performancewas evaluated on simulated European drive cycles withmass sensitivity conducted before the implementation of eachrange extender.Potential options for the optimisation of the rangeextender operation were considered with respect to theirimpact on vehicle performance. Total combined fuel efficiencywas compared and an assessment of maximum range andvehicle performance was also conducted.

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