Mapping the flux penetration profile in a 2G-HTS tape at the microscopic scale: deviations from a classical critical state model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding vortex behaviour at microscopic scales is of extreme importance for the development of higher performance coated conductors with larger critical currents. Here, we study and map the critical state in a YBCO-based coated conductor at different temperatures using two distinct operation modes of scanning Hall microscopy. An analytical Bean critical state model for long superconducting strips is compared with our measurements and used to estimate the critical current density. We find several striking deviations from the model; pronounced flux front roughening is observed as the temperature is reduced below 83 K due to vortex-bundle formation when strong broadening of the flux front profile is also seen. In higher magnetic fields at the lower temperature of 65 K, fishtail-like magnetization peaks observed in local magnetization measurements are attributed to flux-locking due to an increase in the critical current density near the edges of the tape, which we tentatively link to vortex pinning matching effects. Our measurements provide valuable insights into the rich vortex phenomena present in coated conductor tapes at the microscopic scale.
LanguageEnglish
Article number025009
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Coated conductors
  • Critical state model
  • Magnetic flux front
  • Scanning Hall microscopy
  • Second generation superconducting tape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Mapping the flux penetration profile in a 2G-HTS tape at the microscopic scale: deviations from a classical critical state model",
abstract = "Understanding vortex behaviour at microscopic scales is of extreme importance for the development of higher performance coated conductors with larger critical currents. Here, we study and map the critical state in a YBCO-based coated conductor at different temperatures using two distinct operation modes of scanning Hall microscopy. An analytical Bean critical state model for long superconducting strips is compared with our measurements and used to estimate the critical current density. We find several striking deviations from the model; pronounced flux front roughening is observed as the temperature is reduced below 83 K due to vortex-bundle formation when strong broadening of the flux front profile is also seen. In higher magnetic fields at the lower temperature of 65 K, fishtail-like magnetization peaks observed in local magnetization measurements are attributed to flux-locking due to an increase in the critical current density near the edges of the tape, which we tentatively link to vortex pinning matching effects. Our measurements provide valuable insights into the rich vortex phenomena present in coated conductor tapes at the microscopic scale.",
keywords = "Coated conductors, Critical state model, Magnetic flux front, Scanning Hall microscopy, Second generation superconducting tape",
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N2 - Understanding vortex behaviour at microscopic scales is of extreme importance for the development of higher performance coated conductors with larger critical currents. Here, we study and map the critical state in a YBCO-based coated conductor at different temperatures using two distinct operation modes of scanning Hall microscopy. An analytical Bean critical state model for long superconducting strips is compared with our measurements and used to estimate the critical current density. We find several striking deviations from the model; pronounced flux front roughening is observed as the temperature is reduced below 83 K due to vortex-bundle formation when strong broadening of the flux front profile is also seen. In higher magnetic fields at the lower temperature of 65 K, fishtail-like magnetization peaks observed in local magnetization measurements are attributed to flux-locking due to an increase in the critical current density near the edges of the tape, which we tentatively link to vortex pinning matching effects. Our measurements provide valuable insights into the rich vortex phenomena present in coated conductor tapes at the microscopic scale.

AB - Understanding vortex behaviour at microscopic scales is of extreme importance for the development of higher performance coated conductors with larger critical currents. Here, we study and map the critical state in a YBCO-based coated conductor at different temperatures using two distinct operation modes of scanning Hall microscopy. An analytical Bean critical state model for long superconducting strips is compared with our measurements and used to estimate the critical current density. We find several striking deviations from the model; pronounced flux front roughening is observed as the temperature is reduced below 83 K due to vortex-bundle formation when strong broadening of the flux front profile is also seen. In higher magnetic fields at the lower temperature of 65 K, fishtail-like magnetization peaks observed in local magnetization measurements are attributed to flux-locking due to an increase in the critical current density near the edges of the tape, which we tentatively link to vortex pinning matching effects. Our measurements provide valuable insights into the rich vortex phenomena present in coated conductor tapes at the microscopic scale.

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