Managing and conserving large oases in southwest Kazakhstan

Enrico Fodde, Renato Sala, Jeanmarc Deom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The landscape of the middle course of the Syrdarya is scattered with numerous
oases that prospered between the fi rst and the eighteenth centuries ad.
Some of them, like those of the Turkestan oasis (Yasi-Turkestan and Sauran)
are characterized by complex and autochthonous water supply systems that
relied on the use of groundwater and the digging of karez (wells). Others,
like the ones of Otrar on the Arys delta, and Baltakol and Chiili on the
Syrdarya branches, are based on the implementation of large irrigation
canals fed by fl ood and active waters. Today most of the ancient landscape
has been reduced to a semi-desert, the medieval towns are in ruins, and the
ancient irrigation systems are out of use.
The aim of this paper is to underline the wide issues related to the management
of such large sites, and to report about the smaller-scale conservation
activities carried out in that perspective as part of the UNESCO/Japan
Trust Fund project for the Preservation and Restoration of the Ancient City
of Otrar (2001–04). Detailed description is given on the conservation of
a fi red brick mosque of the fourteenth to fi fteenth century ad and on the
problematic interventions carried out before perestroika.
LanguageEnglish
Pages152-168
Number of pages17
JournalConservation and Management of Archaeological Sites
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatusPublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

Kazakhstan
irrigation
conservation
Perestroika
mosque
UNESCO
desert
restoration
water management
eighteenth century
town
Japan
water
management
Oasis
Southwest
Turkestan
Conservation
Brick
Canals

Keywords

  • irrigation, urban, medieval, fi red brick, conservation, Kazakhstan

Cite this

Managing and conserving large oases in southwest Kazakhstan. / Fodde, Enrico; Sala, Renato; Deom, Jeanmarc.

In: Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, Vol. 15, No. 2, 05.2013, p. 152-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fodde, Enrico ; Sala, Renato ; Deom, Jeanmarc. / Managing and conserving large oases in southwest Kazakhstan. In: Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 152-168.
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