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A kinetic analysis of the hydroboration of iso-quinoline with pinacol borane (HBpin) and catalysed by a β-diketiminato magnesium n-butyl pre-catalyst has provided evidence that the reaction proceeds via rate determining Mg–N/H–B metathesis of a dearomatised iso-quinolide anion. The reaction rate is suppressed by increasing [iso-quinoline] leading to the suggestion that catalytic turnover is also dependent on a pre-equilibrium involving dissociation of donor substrate molecules from the coordination sphere of the catalytic Mg centre. Stoichiometric reactions with a variety of poly-pyridine heterocycles have provided a range of magnesium derivatives of the dearomatised poly-pyridides either by alkyl or hydride transfer. The resistance of these latter species toward hydroboration is rationalised as a consequence of their additional coordinative stability providing corroborative evidence for the dissociative mechanism inferred from the kinetic analysis.
Weetman, C., Hill, M. S., & Mahon, M. F. (2016). Magnesium-catalysed hydroboration of pyridines: kinetic analysis and poly-pyridine dearomatisation. Polyhedron, 103(Part 8), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2015.08.018