The hypothesis of a magnocellular channel deficit in dyslexia was tested. Subjects were 10-year-old dyslexics and normal readers. Psychophysical thresholds for luminance and chromatic contrasts were estimated using black and white and red and green sinusoidal gratings of various spatial frequencies, presented in static and dynamic conditions (drift and reversal). Significant group differences were found for luminance contrast, with a higher sensitivity in dyslexics. No group differences were obtained for chromatic contrast. High luminance contrast sensitivity correlated with low reading and writing skills. The typical finding of an increase contrast sensitivity to low spatial frequency gratings, due to their dynamic presentations, was absent in dyslexics. The results provide support for the magnocellular deficit hypothesis. The pattern of this deficit, however, is much more complex than that emerging from previous research.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Dec 2002|
- Chromatic contrast sensitivity
- Luminance contrast sensitivity
- Magnocellular channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas