Low-dimensional nanomaterials for antibacterial applications

Xi Le Hu, Ying Shang, Kai Cheng Yan, Adam C. Sedgwick, Hui Qi Gan, Guo Rong Chen, Xiao Peng He, Tony D. James, Daijie Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The excessive use of antibiotics has led to a rise in drug-resistant bacteria. These “superbugs” are continuously emerging and becoming increasingly harder to treat. As a result, new and effective treatment protocols that have minimal risks of generating drug-resistant bacteria are urgently required. Advanced nanomaterials are particularly promising due to their drug loading/releasing capabilities combined with their potential photodynamic/photothermal therapeutic properties. In this review, 0-dimensional, 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, and 3-dimensional nanomaterial-based systems are comprehensively discussed for bacterial-based diagnostic and treatment applications. Since the use of these platforms as antibacterials is relatively new, this review will provide appropriate insight into their construction and applications. As such, we hope this review will inspire researchers to explore antibacterial-based nanomaterials with the aim of developing systems for clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3640-3661
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Volume9
Issue number17
Early online date24 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

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