Low-Cost Descriptors of Electrostatic and Electronic Contributions to Anion Redox Activity in Batteries

Daniel Davies, Benjamin Morgan, David Scanlon, Aron Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Conventional battery cathodes are limited by the redox capacity of the transition metal components. For example, the delithiation of LiCoO2 involves the formal oxidation from Co(III) to Co(IV). Enhanced capacities can be achieved if the anion also contributed to reversible oxidation. The origins of redox activity in crystals are difficult to quantify from experimental measurements or first-principles materials modelling. We present practical procedures to describe the electrostatic (Madelung potential) and electronic (integrated density of states) contributions, which are applied to the LiMO2 and Li2MO3 (M = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au) model systems. We discuss how such descriptors could be integrated in a materials design workflow.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberAB9750
JournalIOP SciNotes
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2020

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