Lithium-ion Battery Parameter Identification for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles using Drive Cycle Data

Yasser Ghoulam, Tedjani Mesbahi, Peter Wilson, Sylvain Durand, Andrew Lewis, Christophe Lallement, Christopher Vagg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)


This paper proposes an approach for the accurate and efficient parameter identification of lithium-ion battery packs using only drive cycle data obtained from hybrid or electric vehicles. The approach was experimentally validated using data collected from a BMW i8 hybrid vehicle. The dual polarization model was used, and a new open circuit voltage equation was proposed based on a simplification of the combined model, with the aim of reducing the number of parameters to be identified. The parameter identification was performed using NEDC data collected on a rolling road dynamometer; the results showed that the proposed model improved the accuracy of terminal voltage estimation, reducing the peak voltage error from 2.16% using the Nernst model to 1.28%. Furthermore, the robustness of these models in maintaining accuracy when new drive cycles were used was evaluated by comparing WLTC simulations with experimental measurements. The proposed model showed improved robustness, with a reduction in RMS error of more than 50% compared to the Nernst model. These findings are significant because they will improve the accuracy of modelbased battery management systems used in electric vehicles, allowing for improved performance prediction without the requirement of recharacterization for different drive cycles or individual cell characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4005
Number of pages16
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • battery parameter identification
  • electric vehicle
  • lithium-ion battery
  • optimization
  • parameter char acterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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