Lithium Intercalation in Anatase Titanium Vacancies and the Role of Local Anionic Environment

Jiwei Ma, Wei Li, Benjamin Morgan, Jolanta Światowska, Rita Baddour-Hadjean, Monique Body, Christophe Legein, Olaf Borkiewicz, Sandrine Leclerc, Henri Groult, Frédéric Lantelme, Christel Laberty-Robert, Damien Dambournet

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Abstract

The structure of bulk and nondefective compounds is generally described with crystal models built from well mastered techniques such the analysis of an X-ray diffractogram. The presence of defects, such as cationic vacancies, locally disrupt the long-range order, with the appearance of local structures with order extending only a few nanometers. To probe and describe the electrochemical properties of cation-deficient anatase, we investigated a series of materials having different concentrations of vacancies, i.e., Ti 1-x-yx+yO 2-4(x+y)F 4x(OH) 4y, and compared their properties with respect to defect-free stoichiometric anatase TiO 2. At first, we characterized the series of materials Ti 1-x-yx+yO 2-4(x+y)F 4x(OH) 4y by means of pair distribution function (PDF), 19F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, to probe the compositional and structural features. Second, we characterized the insertion electrochemical properties vs metallic lithium where we emphasized the beneficial role of the vacancies on the cyclability of the electrode under high C-rate, with performances scaling with the concentration of vacancies. The improved properties were explained by the change of the lithium insertion mechanism due to the presence of the vacancies, which act as host sites and suppress the phase transition typically observed in pure TiO 2, and further favor diffusive transport of lithium within the structure. NMR spectroscopy performed on lithiated samples provides evidence for the insertion of lithium in vacancies. By combining electrochemistry and DFT-calculations, we characterized the electrochemical signatures of the lithium insertion in the vacancies. Importantly, we found that the insertion voltage largely depends on the local anionic environment of the vacancy with a fluoride and hydroxide-rich environments, yielding high and low insertion voltages, respectively. This work further supports the beneficial use of defects engineering in electrodes for batteries and provides new fundamental knowledge in the insertion chemistry of cationic vacancies as host sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3078–3089
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume30
Issue number9
Early online date7 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2018

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Intercalation
Titanium
Lithium
Titanium dioxide
Vacancies
Electrochemical properties
Defects
titanium dioxide
X rays
Electrodes
Electric potential
Electrochemistry
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Fluorides
Discrete Fourier transforms
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Distribution functions
Cations
Phase transitions
Positive ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ma, J., Li, W., Morgan, B., Światowska, J., Baddour-Hadjean, R., Body, M., ... Dambournet, D. (2018). Lithium Intercalation in Anatase Titanium Vacancies and the Role of Local Anionic Environment. Chemistry of Materials, 30(9), 3078–3089. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00925

Lithium Intercalation in Anatase Titanium Vacancies and the Role of Local Anionic Environment. / Ma, Jiwei; Li, Wei; Morgan, Benjamin; Światowska, Jolanta; Baddour-Hadjean, Rita; Body, Monique; Legein, Christophe; Borkiewicz, Olaf; Leclerc, Sandrine; Groult, Henri; Lantelme, Frédéric; Laberty-Robert, Christel; Dambournet, Damien.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 30, No. 9, 08.05.2018, p. 3078–3089.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ma, J, Li, W, Morgan, B, Światowska, J, Baddour-Hadjean, R, Body, M, Legein, C, Borkiewicz, O, Leclerc, S, Groult, H, Lantelme, F, Laberty-Robert, C & Dambournet, D 2018, 'Lithium Intercalation in Anatase Titanium Vacancies and the Role of Local Anionic Environment', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 3078–3089. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00925
Ma, Jiwei ; Li, Wei ; Morgan, Benjamin ; Światowska, Jolanta ; Baddour-Hadjean, Rita ; Body, Monique ; Legein, Christophe ; Borkiewicz, Olaf ; Leclerc, Sandrine ; Groult, Henri ; Lantelme, Frédéric ; Laberty-Robert, Christel ; Dambournet, Damien. / Lithium Intercalation in Anatase Titanium Vacancies and the Role of Local Anionic Environment. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2018 ; Vol. 30, No. 9. pp. 3078–3089.
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